Workplace Bullying


Few people have gone through life completely free from any bullying, including the perpetrators of the act. It would be tempting to think such actions cease after school and childhood, but often the form of bullying just changes. School bullies are at least at odds with the educational system; the system directly opposes them. By contrast workplace bullies may be more overt, operating within the rules of their social system, or carefully exploiting them.


Some common tactics are:

  • Blaming the wrong person, wrongfully accused (possibly the most common tactic).
  • Offhanded dismissal of another’s ideas or observations.
  • Silent treatment – behaving as if the person was invisible.
  • Mood swings that confuse the victim, who never knows how to approach the bully.
  • Invention of arbitrary rules, often after the fact.
  • Disregarding any quality work. Devaluing contribution.
  • Stealing credit, plagiarism
  • Humiliating the individual through verbal abuse.
  • Falsely accusing the victim of insubordination.
  • Withholding necessary information
  • Prevent the other from completing a task through lack of co-operation.
  • Creating unrealistic demands or high workloads
  • Assigning undesirable task as a punishment.
  • Removing areas or responsibility from an able employee.
  • Restricting the victim to task and projects beneath their qualifications.
  • Using confidential information against a person.
  • Gossip

Because the form of abuse varies so much there can be problems in naming in the experience.  It can be easily mislabelled as stress or insubordination on the part of the victim. This mislabelling might be deliberate trivialization of the event, failure to recognize its significance, or blatant attempt by the perpetrators to cover their illicit action.


Bullying may or may not affect an individual’s self-esteem, but it will quite possibly affect their career. Solutions are difficult, and complaints are often ignored or considered trivial. Yet it remains a serious matter.

A Little Less Plain


House Painters Sydney

The obvious and popular choice for painting walls is plain colours. This hardly a limiting idea; there are many different colours, and the walls tend to acquire other decorations, such as painting, curtains and display shelves. The walls are often plain because they are the background colour for the room. The room itself can be decorated in many different ways.


But there are those who take a different approach, often to good effect. Some options are;


Wall Decals

Decals for the wall can be as simple and elegant as silhouettes shapes, or they can be colourful animations. One popular fashion was to have a silhouette of vines that appeared to grow along the frames and skirting boards. Another was to have stars, but many plain images work well.


Colour decals are popular with children. Cartoon character or animal images liven up a bedroom. Car, surf or music logos may suit older children.


As decals can be custom made to order the possibilities for decoration are endless.


Door Paper

A door can be cover in a photo realist image. This may not be a wall decoration, but you will want to make sure the walls and the door image match. Door images are often outdoor scenes, giving the impression that the doorway leads into a countryside or foreign city.


Wall Images

These are large photo realistic images of landscapes, city views or anything else with a slightly epic feel; classic painting and large murals are also popular; or you could just go with colourful geometric shapes.  The landscape and city views give a surprising sense of space to a room.


Images that cover a wall tend to work best when only one wall of a room is covered. As with any decoration you will have to make sure the other walls are coloured appropriately.


Painters Sydney

Some items like wallpaper will substitute for well painted walls. Other decorations like decals or artistic displays depend on a well prepared background colour. If you are considering such decorations, remember that the wall cannot be repainted after the decals are applied. Have a Sydney painter prepare the wall beforehand so the decal can last as long as possible.

Dining Customs

Wait for the oldest person to be seated. And then wait for them to start by lifting their spoon or chopsticks.


It is considered polite to say ‘I will eat well’, before a meal. This basically says you have been anticipating the meal.


Don’t blow you nose at the table. Most Asian cultures have similar rules about this. It is understood that foreigners are different, but it help avoid the issue.


Unlike some other Asian cultures you are not supposed to hold the bowl or life it to your mouth. Keep it on the table.


When refilling glasses, offer to refill other people’s drinks first. This is especially important for those who are senior to you. When pouring for a senior, pour with one hand and place the other hand underneath the pouring hand, or underneath your elbow.


If a senior diner offer a drink, hold you glass with both hands and thank them. It is  considered impolite to refuse an alcoholic drink when offered by a senior diner.


Use chopsticks correctly. Never use them to stab food. Never use them to point to anything. If there is no other alternative you can use the back of the chopstick to pass food to other people. Leave chopstick on the right of the plate or bowl.


Never put chopsticks vertically upright into a bowl of rice. In both Korean and Japanese culture this is associated with a funeral rite.


Don’t waste food. It is better to take less, and have more later.


Thank your hosts by saying you ate well.


Koreans often ask ‘have you eaten’. This is a polite way of asking how you are, rather like saying ‘how are you doing’ or ‘how are you feeling’. It is not an invitation to a meal, though that might come later.

TKD and Strength

Anyone with some sports or exercise experience can tell you that fitness and strength are only loosely related. You can be quite strong, but be in poor health; you can be quite fit but still have less than average strength. Of course it is possible, and beneficial, to be both fit and strong. Yet in martial arts there is some speculation that greater strength might be a hindrance.


It seems to be a misconception, but many believe that greater strength will slow a person down. As slowing down would actually be a problem for all martial arts from karate to TKD this would be an issue. But it is not strength that compromises stepped it is bulk. And strength and bulk are not the same thing.


We have a tendance, at least in this culture, to think of strength (and often fitness) as being ‘buff’ – having bulky muscles. This is at least partly due to the bodybuilding competitions and Hollywood action films. But this bulk is largely for display. Bodybuilders will have fear better than average strength, yet it will not be in proportion to their muscle mass. It is not unusual to find people with half the muscle bulk but considerably more strength. Compare 0lympic weight lifters to Bodybuilders. The Bodybuilders have the tone and bulky muscles, but the weight lifters are stronger. Both are very impressive in their own fields, but the two fields are quite different.


Why is this relavent to TKD and other martial arts? Because the bulky muscles will slow you down. Bodybuilding and Martial Arts training will take you in different direction; you can’t excel in both at once. Being stronger is always better, and being fitter is better still, but we should aim for the lean and wiry look rather that bulk. This can have strength without compromising speed or flexibility. Of course, fitness and endurance are more important still. But there is no reason not to have them all, and make the most of them by advancing your martial art technique.

Blue Mountains Day Tour

coach tours large

The natural wildlife is part of any land’s appeal. The Blue Mountains has a very diverse range of animals. Some of these include.



Possibly Australia’s most well-known native animal. There are at least 50 types, but the most common types in the Blue Mountains are the eastern Grey Kangaroo and swamp wallabies. The lifecycle and unique biology of kangaroos is fascinating in its own right, but most tourists simply find the sight of them attractive.



Australia’s other well-known native, these animals will tend to avoid people, but as they are slower moving and tree bound they will have trouble hiding if spotted. As such is hard to get physically close to a koala; they are best observed in zoo and parks.



There are 19 known species of snakes in the Blue Mountains region. This is one of the few animals in the region you will probably wish to avoid as some of the snakes are venomous. Yet most snakes will not attack unless provoked, and incidences are quite rare.


Goannas and Lizards

Lizards and related reptiles are interesting creatures, and not particularly dangerous, though they will bite if they feel threatened. Most are only a foot or two long, though the lace monitor averages about 4 feet, and can grow up to 7 feet.


Seeing most animals in their natural habitat is a very unpredictable matter. Kangaroos are often encountered, but other animals are a matter of luck. And even when animals are encountered they tend know they are being observed, meaning we are not observing their true natural behaviour. For this reason a visit to Featherdale Zoo on a Blue Mountains Day Tour is advisable. Animals here are familiar with human company, and there is no chance of missing the creatures you want to see.

Women Blouse Online

The word ‘Blouse’ comes from French, and means ‘dust coat’. As with many words the meaning, use and denoted object have changed over time. Where the blouse garment was once a loose fitting garment worn by workmen and peasants, often made of cheap material and favoured for its cheapness and convenient ease-of-movement, it is now a more stylish garment worn almost exclusively by women. The blouse is still loose fitting, and gathered more tightly at the waste; otherwise there is little in common between modern fashionable blouses and older pleasant clothing.


The differences between a women’s shirt and a blouse consist of many minor details, but the lack of a collar on a blouse is one important distinction. Blouses also tend to feature more frills and pleats, and tend not to have any practical pockets. Some blouses are made to be buttoned up from the back; but as with women’s shirts they follow the tradition of reversing the direction of buttons in respect to men’s clothing.


Fashion has not reached an end. Blouses will change and elements in the design of blouses will influence other clothing items. A Blouson (sometimes called a blouse jacket) takes the loose fitting idea of a blouse and adds the pockets from a shirt to the material and function of a jacket. Other variations and combinations will doubtlessly develop over time.


Women Blouse Online

As a blouse is designed to be loose fitting there is little danger of ordering one in the wrong size; there is a fair margin for error. As long as an individual knows the approximate size that can order anything that suits their sense of style.

Filioque Controversy

The Filioque controversy is the central disagreement of the Latin (Roman Catholic) and Greek (including the Eastern Orthodox) church. It refers to a small addition to the Nicene Creed that says the Procession of the Holy Spirit comes from both the Father and Son, though the translation and understanding of this can be confusing. The Roman Catholic Church supports this addition and the idea that the Holy Spirit come from the Son and Father; the Greek/Eastern tradition claims this is a heresy, and that the Holy Spirit comes from the father alone.


The Original Greek phrasing of the Nicene Creed did not include the phrase ‘and the Son’ (Filioque) regarding the Holy Spirit processing from the Father. The phrase ‘and the Son’ was added in the Latin version, understood to be in accordance with official doctrine and tradition. It was noted that differences between the Latin and Greek language prevented the phrase from being correctly understood when the Nicene Creed was written in Greek. This was understood as the reason why the phrase was not originally included in the Greek version, and why it remains left out to the Greek translation to this day. Supporters of either sides of the theological debate leave out the extra phrase when the Nicene Creed is written or spoken in Greek.


The Roman Catholic position holds that the Procession of the Holy Spirit is from the Father through the Son. It hold that this procession is not from two principles (Father and Son), but from one single principle. Language and translation problems prevent this from being expressed clearly in Greek, where the addition of the phrase ‘and the Son’ would misleadingly indicate the Holy Spirit comes from the two principles, the Father and the Son. The phrase ‘and the Son’ is added in Latin version of the creed as it does not cause this misunderstanding.


The Eastern Orthodox Church holds that the procession of the Holy Spirit come through the Father alone, a single principle.  This is a matter of theology, and they believe the Greek version of the Nicene Creed reflects this theology. The matter is not thought to be caused by any confusion over the Greek language; the Greek version of the Nicene Creed is accurate as it stands.


Protestant views vary, but the protestant split from the Catholic Church was not concerned with any disagreement over the Nicene Creed. There is no tradition based reason why the protestant churches should support either side of this debate. Ecumenical based thinkers have suggested leaving the ‘and the Son’ clause out in order to avoid disagreements and unite different denominations.


The debate about inclusion of the ‘and the Son’ phrase is a matter of either theology of the relationship within the trinity or a matter of semantics. If the language/semantics is the issue it is possible that the two sides of the debate disagree because they are discussing different things. This suggests reconciliation is possible through appropriate doctrine understanding and translation. Even if the matter is a legitimate theological issue it probably has minimal influence on the general Christian believer, despite all the debate. Both sides believe in the Procession of the Holy Spirit and the influence on the life of each Christian believer. Both sides believe the Holy Spirit is part of the Holy Trinity. Most individuals are not concerned with distinguishing details beyond this.



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